Kapha is the conceptual equilibrium of water and earth. Kapha is structure and lubrication. One can visualize the Kapha force as the stirring force to keep the water and earth from separating. For example, if we take a pot, fill it to the half with water and then add sand to it, the sand will gradually sink to the bottom of the pot. (It separates from the water). The only way to keep the sand in equilibrium with the water is by stirring the mixture continuously.

Kapha cements the elements in the body, providing the material for physical structure. This dosha maintains body resistance. Water is the main constituent of kapha, and this bodily water is responsible physiologically for biological strength and natural tissue resistance in the body. Kapha lubricates the joints; provides moisture to the skin; helps to heal wounds; fills the spaces in the body; gives biological strength, vigor and stability; supports memory retention; gives energy to the heart and lungs, and maintains immunity.
Kapha is present in the chest, throat, head, sinuses, nose, mouth, stomach, joints, cytoplasm, plasma, and in the liquid secretions of the body such as mucus. Psychologically, kapha is responsible for the emotions of attachment, greed, and long-standing envy. It is also expressed in tendencies toward calmness, forgiveness, and love. The chest is the seat of kapha.

Characteristics of Kapha Types
Here are some of the common characteristics of people who have a predominantly Kapha constitution.
• Easygoing, relaxed, slow-paced
• Affectionate and loving
• Forgiving, compassionate, nonjudgmental nature Stable and reliable; faithful
• Physically strong and with a sturdy, heavier build
• Have the most energy of all constitutions, but it is steady and enduring, not explosive
• Slow moving and graceful
• Slow speech, reflecting a deliberate thought is typical to Kapha constitution.
• Slower to learn, but never forgets; outstanding long-term memory
• Soft hair and skin; tendency to have large "soft" eyes and a low, soft voice
• Tend toward being overweight; may also suffer from sluggish digestion
• Prone to heavy, oppressive depressions
• More self-sufficient, need less outward stimulation than do the other types
• A mild, gentle, and essentially undemanding approach to life
• Sexually Kaphas are the slowest to be aroused, but they also have the most endurance
• Excellent health, strong resistance to disease
• Slow to anger; strive to maintain harmony and peace in their surroundings
• Not easily upset and can be a point of stability for others
• Tend to be possessive and hold on to things, people, money; good savers. Don't like cold, damp weather
• Physical problems include colds and congestion, sinus headaches, respiratory problems including asthma and wheezing, hay fever, allergies, and atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).
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>Pitta Dosha Traits
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